Emissions trading system

Aviation

Since 1 January 2014 Croatia is fully integrated into the aviation part of the Emissions Trading System (EU ETS). Between 1 July 2013, when Croatia acceded to the European Union, and 31 December 2013 only the reporting obligations of the EU ETS applied.

Publication of the Allocation of emission allowances to aircraft operators in period 2013-2020 in Croatia

Allocation Benchmarks

On 26/09/2011, the European Commission published benchmarks for calculating the free allocation of emission allowances to aircraft operators. They are around 0.6797 allowances per 1,000 tonne-kilometres in 2012 and 0.6422 allowances per 1,000 tonne-kilometres from 2013-2020.

Information on aviation benchmarks

The benchmark is meant to ensure that the allocation cap is maintained and all aircraft operators receive an equal amount of allowances per tonne-kilometre unit. In 2012, 85 percent of the aviation sector emission allowances were allocated for free. Between 2013 and 2020, it will only be 82 percent since an additional special reserve of three percent will be earmarked for new and fast-growing aircraft operators for that trading period. The remaining 15 percent of allowances will be auctioned annually.

Amendment of the allocation for the reporting years 2013-2016

The amendment of the Emissions Trading Directive by the Regulation (EU) No. 421/2014 and Corrigendum to Regulation (EU) No 421/2014 resulted in an adaptation of the allocation of free allowances, making it proportional to the reduction in surrender obligation as it results from the reduced geographical scope. This means that the 2013-2016 allocation of free allowances had to be recalculated and flights in areas affected by the above policy amendment (no more reporting and surrendering obligation) are excluded from the allocation. For this, the tonne-kilometres of the flights affected and reported for 2010 will be multiplied by the above benchmark and the resulting calculated value subtracted from the previous annual allocation amount.

Allocation table for Croatia -reporting years 2013-2016:

Aircraft Operator (CRCO/ETS) ID

Aircraft operator ID (Union Registry)

Aircraft operator name

Allocation

2013

2014

2015

2016

TOTAL

12495

200696

CROATIA AIRLINES HRVATSKA ZRAKOPLOVNA TVRTKA DD

62.717,0

85.828,0

85.828,0

85.828,0

320.201,0